Some tiles associated with the 6th unit cubic Pisot number

Complex Teragons

While all cubic tiles are teragons (with an uncountably infinite number of edges), of the eight known order 3 6th unit cubic tiles the complex teragon has the most complex structure. Five of the tiles - the symmetric (8-fold degenerate), (two) external and (two) demi-symmetric tiles are simple teragons with non-self-approaching boundaries of relatively low dimension The windowed tile (2 dissections), while technically a complex teragon, is composed of a spiral of diminishing copies of the symmetric tile. In contrast the other two complex teragons have boundaries of greater dimension which approach themselves at an infinite number of points, with appreciable parts of the tile composed of fractally intermixed parts of 2 elements.

The first complex teragon was found with IFS { p → -a3p; p → ap + 1; p → ap + 1 + a-1 } during a heuristic directed survey. A more convenient IFS, the attractor for which is shown below, is { p → ap; p → ap + 1; p → -a3p + 1 + a1 + a2 }.

complex teragoncomplex teragon

The second complex teragon was also found during a heuristic directed survey, with IFS { p → -p; p → ap + 1; p → a3p + (1 + a) / 2 }

complex teragoncomplex teragon


For the first there are two tilings with signature 00 (two equal sized copies of the tile making up a unit cell). For the attractor shown above the cell transforms are { pp; p → -p } and { pp; p → -p + 1 }. The unit cells are shown below.

unit cellunit cell

The tiling vectors for the first unit cell are 2 + a and -a-1, and for the second 2 and -a-1.


It is likely that there are tilings with more complicated unit cells, containing copies of different sizes, but the complex nature of this teragon makes it difficult to identify the correct position of copies.

The second has a tiliing with a unit cell with signature 00, cell transforms { pp + a + (a2 - 1)/2; p → -p }, and tiling vectors (3 + a) / 2 and (a-3 - a-2) / 2

unit celltiling patch

© 2015, 2016, 2017 Stewart R.Hinsley